This development had been foreshadowed by some writers under fascism. In Alberto Moravia had written a scathing indictment of middle-class moral indifference, Gli indifferenti ; Time of Indifference. The Harvesters ; and Elio Vittorini wrote Conversazione in Sicilia ; Conversation in Sicily ; all definitely promised a new literary development.
Certain English authors, the homegrown veristi , and the ideas of Marxism were also an influence on postwar authors, to whom in varying degrees the rather imprecise label of Neorealism applied also to postwar Italian cinema was attached. It was a stimulating time in which to write, with a wealth of unused material at hand. The Estate in Abruzzi ]. The Naked Streets ] and Metello [; Eng. The Priest Among the Pigeons. Literary tastes gradually became less homogeneous. On the one hand, there was the rediscovery of the experimentalism of Carlo Emilio Gadda , whose best works had been written between and For this reason, it is easier to see Italian writing in terms of individual territory rather than general trends.
Italo Calvino concentrated on fantastic tales Il visconte dimezzato [; The Cloven Viscount ], Il barone rampante [; The Baron in the Trees ], and Il cavaliere inesistente [; The Nonexistent Knight ] and, later, on moralizing science fiction Le cosmicomiche [; Cosmicomics ] and Ti con zero [; t zero ]. Antonio in Love ]. Meanwhile, Alberto Moravia and Mario Soldati defended their corners as never less than conspicuously competent writers.
Moravia generally plowed a lone furrow.
Revisiting the "10 books that have stayed with you" meme for different countries
Of his mature writings, Agostino ; Eng. Empty Canvas stand out as particular achievements. Set in Rome during the years —47, the combination of fact and allegory is a tour de force and one of the most remarkable narrative works that came out of Italy after World War II. Palomar , continue to explore the possibilities and limitations of literature and its attempt to represent our world. Paradoxically, of all the forms of writing, poetry seems to be the form that was most vibrant during the second half of the 20th century, although one late 20th-century critic remarked that there might have been more poets in Italy than readers of poetry.
Cucchi and Giovanardi recognized that, in talking about the new poetry, they had to take into account the older, established poets who continued to write and publish verse in their mature years and who inevitably influenced the emerging poets. Poets of the so-called Fourth Generation—from the title of a anthology of postwar verse edited by Pietro Chiara and Luciano Erba—include Erba himself and the poet and filmmaker Nelo Risi, both of them Milanese, as well as the Italian Swiss Giorgio Orelli.
Category:20th-century Italian short story writers
Other Fourth Generation poets of note are epigrammatist Bartolo Cattafi; Rocco Scotellaro, poet of the southern peasant and the most convincing practitioner of Neorealism in verse; the eloquent soliloquist and elegant metricist Maria Luisa Spaziani; Umberto Bellintani, who, though he continued to write, quit publishing in ; and the hypersensitive Alda Merini, for whose work critics find the oxymoron Christian paganism, joyful grief, religious eroticism, mortal liveliness a useful figure.
During the s several younger poets began publishing. Trained as a psychoanalyst, Cesare Viviani made a Dadaist debut, but he went on to express in his later work an almost mystical impulse toward the transcendent. Maurizio Cucchi was another Milanese poet and critic assimilable to the linea lombarda ; when faced with the collapse of the greater constructs, he found solace in little things.
Also notable are Mario Santagostini, whose early work described the drab outskirts of his native Milan but who moved on to more metaphysical monologues, and Biancamaria Frabotta, who combined militant feminism with an elevated lyric diction tending toward the sublime. As with previous avant-garde movements, starting with Futurism, the members of the enlarged Gruppo 63 , who insisted on the inseparability of literature and politics, proposed to subvert the inertia of a repressive tradition through a revolution in language.
The traditional literary language, they claimed, was the medium of bourgeois hegemony , and a radical change in the language of literature would somehow shake off the oppression of the military-industrial complex and lead to a general social and political liberation. This does not seem to have happened, and with the passage of time the members of the group dispersed, going off in different individual directions as their concerns became less public and more personal. He first experimented in this direction when he was invited by Federico Fellini to collaborate on the screenplay of Casanova Another isolated experimental poet was polyglot Amelia Rosselli, who was born in Paris and was a resident of London and New York City before living in Rome.
A musician who developed a complex metrical theory based on notions derived from musical theory, Rosselli published a volume of poetry in English Sleep  in addition to her work in Italian. After her suicide in , the reputation of this troubled poet continued to grow. A remarkable aspect of 20th-century poetry composed in Italy was the proliferation of cultivated poets who rejected what they saw as the pollution, inauthenticity, and debased currency of the national language.
They chose to express an up-to-the-minute nonfolkloristic content, not in supraregional standard Italian but in a local dialect, seen as purer or closer to reality. Italy has always had a tradition of dialect poetry.
During the 19th century two of the greatest writers of the period of romantic realism, Carlo Porta and Giuseppe Gioachino Belli, made the oppressed common people of Milan and of Rome, respectively, the protagonists of their works. Actor-playwright Eduardo De Filippo was a prolific author who came into his own after World War II with a series of plays, which included Napoli milionaria!
Napoli Milionaria and Filumena Marturano , film ; Eng. Filumena , which, though written in his native Neapolitan dialect, paradoxically achieved international success.
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If the problem persists, please try again in a little while. Read preview. It would be appreciated if scholars would send offprints of articles or complete as described below bibliographical information to: Paolo A.
Sheridan Road Chicago, IL This information is especially crucial for items that appear in lesser known or generally inaccessible periodicals. Articles Kleinhenz, Christopher. Reviews Di Biase, Carmine G. Da Pozzo, Giovanni. Read preview Overview. Dion; Sheri K.
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Sezioni di questa pagina. Iscriviti o accedi a Facebook. E-mail o telefono. Revisiting the "10 books that have stayed with you" meme for different countries. While many favorite books are universally popular, the lists also contain local favorites.